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Old Stenders

Old Stenders Old Stenders
Tipas: Sidabrinė moneta
Medžiaga: Sidabras 925°
Išleista: 2014
Mėnuo: September
Nominalas: 5 EUR
Tiražas: 10 000
Kokybė: Proof
Masė (g): 22.00
Skersmuo (mm): 35.00
Monetos dailininkas: Aigars Ozolins
Gipsinis modelis: Jānis Strupulis
Moneta nukaldinta: Koninklijke Nederlandse Munt (Nyderlandai)



Sale

Seller Price
Vladimir 29.00  [20.38 Ls] new Collector's cabinet
Rns 35.00  [24.60 Ls] new Collector's cabinet
bank.lv 36.00  [25.30 Ls] new Collector's cabinet
bank.lv * 32.00  [22.49 Ls] new Collector's cabinet
Mareks 40.00  [28.11 Ls] old Collector's cabinet
ronnie 32.00  [22.49 Ls] old Collector's cabinet
Proof 30.00  [21.08 Ls] old Collector's cabinet
Latviancoins 32.00  [22.49 Ls] Collector's cabinet
Jurijs 40.00  [28.11 Ls] old Collector's cabinet
Jānis 30.00  [21.08 Ls] old Collector's cabinet
ANTIKWAR999 33.00  [23.19 Ls] old Collector's cabinet
Jānis 30.00  [21.08 Ls] old Collector's cabinet
Екатерина 32.00  [22.49 Ls] old Collector's cabinet
Riky 40.00  [28.11 Ls] old Collector's cabinet
goldsilvertrade.lv 50.00  [35.14 Ls] old Collector's cabinet

* Wholesale price for the purchase of 10 or more coins

Buying

Buyer Price
Eurogold 12.00 €  [8.43 Ls] new Collector's cabinet
Vladimir 20.00 €  [14.06 Ls] Collector's cabinet
ANTIKWAR999 22.00 €  [15.46 Ls] old Collector's cabinet
Alik 29.00 €  [20.38 Ls] old Collector's cabinet
Aleksandr 0.00 €  [0.00 Ls] old Collector's cabinet
goldsilvertrade.lv 32.00 €  [22.49 Ls] old Collector's cabinet
goldsilvertrade.lv 32.00 €  [22.49 Ls] old Collector's cabinet

Obverse

A theme from the title page of the first edition of the "Book of High Wisdom on the World and Nature" (1774) by Gotthard Friedrich Stender (1714–1796) is a central motif: a pastor is showing a boy how full of wonders this world is. At the top on the left, there are semi-circled inscriptions 2014 and LATVIJA.

Reverse

The reverse of the coin features the progressive idea of the world, the heliocentric concept of the universe. The image comprises the inscriptions "G. F. Stender" and "Latwis". Above it, there are semi-circled inscriptions VECAIS STENDERS on the left and "5 euro" slightly on the right.

Edge

The inscriptions LATVIJAS REPUBLIKA and LATVIJAS BANKA, separated by rhombic dots.

The UNESCO events calendar for 2014 includes, among others, the 300th anniversary of the Latvian writer, linguist and thinker Gotthard Friedrich Stender (1714–1796), thus celebrating his fundamental contribution in the area of culture, education and science, including inter-cultural dialogue.

G. F. Stender (nicknamed Vecais Stenders, Old Stenders) is an outstanding representative of the 18th century Enlightenment. He was a German born in the pastoral estate of Laši (now Eglaine), Duchy of Courland and Semigallia. He studied philosophy and theology at Universities of Jena and Halle and served both as a pastor and as an inventor (he made globes for the royal court of Denmark; provided a method for determining the geographical longitude at sea, and even constructed a primitive washing machine). In 1765, he returned to his native land and spent the last thirty years of his life to enlighten and educate the Latvian serfs.

Old Stenders is considered the founder of Latvian secular literature: he wrote fairy-tales, fables, short stories and popular songs; he compiled ABCs in Latvian and performed tasks essential for the formation of a cultural nation: writing a grammar of the Latvian language and putting together a Latvian–German and German–Latvian dictionary.

Old Stenders' most outstanding work is his "Book of High Wisdom on the World and Nature" (1774), in fact, the first peasant encyclopaedia in Europe. There, Old Stenders explains natural phenomena and the basic principles of physics and astronomy, including rotating of the Earth around its axis and around the Sun, and gives basic insights into issues related to meteorology, zoology, botany, chemistry and geography as well as tells his readers about mountains and deserts, earthquakes and volcanoes, seas and rivers.

Old Stenders may not have had the range of other figures of the Enlightenment like Jean-Jacques Rousseau, Voltaire, Denis Diderot, or Johann Gottfried Herder, yet his contribution to the evolution of Latvian nation is invaluable. He taught Latvians to think and was the first to offer praise to his native land in poetry. Confirming his unity with the emerging Latvian nation, he had his headstone in Sunākste (now Viesīte region) supplemented with the word "Latwis" – Latvian.

The obverse of the coin dedicated to Old Stenders has borrowed the theme from the title page of the first edition of the "Book of High Wisdom on the World and Nature": a pastor is showing a boy how full of wonders this world is. The reverse of the coin features the progressive idea of the world, the heliocentric concept of the universe.

Recent changes

[2017.11.17]   Rns: Selling price of the coin Old Stenders changed from 38.00 € to 35.00
[2017.11.15]   bank.lv: Selling price of the coin Old Stenders changed from 32.00 € to 36.00
[2017.11.03]   bank.lv: Selling price of the coin Old Stenders changed from 25.00 € to 32.00
[2017.10.03]   bank.lv: On sale coin Old Stenders with price 25.00
[2017.10.01]   bank.lv: Coin Old Stenders taken out of sale
[2017.07.28]   Eurogold: Coin Old Stenders taken out of sale
[2017.03.20]   Eurogold: Purchase price of the coin Old Stenders changed from 25.00 € to 12.00
[2016.08.31]   baltcoin.lv: Coin Old Stenders taken out of sale
[2016.08.20]   baltcoin.lv: Selling price of the coin Old Stenders changed from 32.00 € to 29.00
[2016.07.14]   Latviancoins: Selling price of the coin Old Stenders changed from 31.75 € to 32.00